Life Cycle Analysis


The building industry is one of the main sectors contributing to adverse environmental impacts. In the past decades, a variety of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have been done on different typical phases over the buildings’ life cycle, including construction, operation and demolition of the building to understand and assess these impacts. Meanwhile, buildings are likely to go through damaging hazards given its extra-long service life, such as earthquake, hurricane and tsunami. The recovery process after hazards sincerely aggravates buildings’ environmental impact, which could be eliminated or reduced through improvement of community resiliency.


Flowchart of different natural disaster  simulations of damage and impact

Figure 1: Implemented Framework

The proposed framework allows for life cycle assessment (LCA) under different hazard scenarios. The LCA simulator constantly receives damage quantity data of community buildings and infrastructures from other simulators through the run-time infrastructure (RCI). The LCA simulator can simulate the environmental impact of the damage hazards caused on buildings by retrieving information from the database. By comparing across different scenarios, the framework gives us insights into how community resiliency can contribute to reduce the environmental impacts during recovery.


Developer(s): Xi Wang

Supervisors:  Dr. Carol C. Menassa, Dr. Vineet R. Kamat



This project is supported by the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) through grant 1638186 (CRISP Type 2: Interdependencies in Community Resilience (ICoR): A Simulation Framework). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed on this site are those of the project team members and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.